For late March Calving Cows
The beef production calendar is a management tool for producers to help them in scheduling practices pertaining to the cow herd over a twelve-month period. The calendar is based on a late March calving beef herd. The calendar addresses three categories:
- General Management Practices,
- Feeding Management, and
- Herd Health.
There are practices for producers to consider in these specific areas each month as the beef herd progresses through the production cycle for cows that give birth to calves in March.
Numbers above denote ordinal numbers of our beef herd management calendar cycle.
- Move "close" cows to calving area about 10 days before expected calving.
- Observe every 3-4 hours after calving starts.
- Follow calving season management practices as for heifers previous month. Implement Sandhills Calving System if calf scours are a problem.
- Mark cows having calving difficulty or other problems for early culling.
- Body condition score all females as they calve.
- Switch heifers to lactation ration by 10-15 days after calving.
- Plan pasture management & feeding program:
- Temporary pastures, rotation, etc.
- Early weaning, drylot, etc.
- Check bulls for breeding soundness and fertility.
- Vaccinate replacement heifers for vibriosis, leptospoirosis, IBR, BVD (optional: MLV-consult veterinarian, killed vaccine - safe when given anytime). Consult your veterinarian.
- 15th-25th vaccinate all pregnant cows not yet calved w/Scours vaccine.
- Vaccine open cows for vibriosis, leptospirosis, IBR, BVD (optional: MLV- consult veterinarian, killed vaccine -safe when given anytime) if not vaccinated as replacement heifers. Consult your veterinarian.
- Vaccinate calves for blackleg & malignant edema.
- Be sure water supply, salt mineral/vitamin are adequate.
- Treat pinkeye early.
- Be sure water supply is adequate.
- Be sure salt, mineral/vitamin are adequate.
- Treat pinkeye.
- Turn early weaned calves to good pasture or feed early weaning ration in dry lot.
- Make sure salt, mineral/vitamin are adequate.
- Vaccinate calves for IBR, leptospirosis.
- Vaccinate heifer calves for brucellosis (4-12 months of age). Consult veterinarian.
- Check for cancer eye & other health problems.
- Vaccinate calves with 7-way clostridium.
- Vaccinate for IBR, leptospirosis, BVD, (optional) somnugen, (optional) BRSV. Consult your veterinarian.
- Treat for grubs.
- Rotate cows grazing range or corn residue.
- Provide salt, mineral/vitamin mix.
- Pour for lice if not grub treated.
- Feed alfalfa hay or protein supplement for cows grazing range.
- Start heifers on balanced ration designed for last 1/3 of pregnancy.
- Rotate cows to new corn residue field when 50% of husk and leaves are removed.
- Feed complete ration if residue is covered with ice and snow.
- Plan to attend a cow/calf management, feeding & marketing program.
- Provide ample water (ice-free in winter).
- Prepare calving quarters - clean sodded area.
- Body condition score entire herd; target cows to calve in BCS 5 and first-calf-heifers in BCS 6.
- Plan Breeding Soundness for bulls.
- Consider Sandhills calving system if scours have been a problem.
- Start cows on ration developed for last 1/3 of gestation.
- Feed bulls same ration as cows but feed to appetite - if too thin, feed some grain.
- Provide adequate salt, mineral/vitamin mix, free choice, until turned to pasture.
- Make sure Vitamin A is adequate.
- Replenish equipment and supplies needed for calving season.
- 1st-15th vaccinate pregnant yearling heifers: with enterotoxemia C & D toxoid if enterotoxemia has been a problem and with Scours vaccine if virus diarrhea has been a problem. Consult your veterinarian.
- Purchase additional bulls.
- Move bred heifers to calving area 10 days before calving expected (about the 20th).
- Observe heifers every 3-4 hours after calving starts - assist delivery.
- Eartag calves & keep appropriate records.
- Move pairs to clean pastures as soon as possible after calving.
- Dehorn (& castrate) calves shortly after birth.
- Provide a high quality ration.
- Provide salt mineral/vitamin mix.
- Help calf nurse, if needed.
- 15th-25th revaccinate pregnant heifers not yet calved: enterotoxemia C & D toxoid; Scours vaccine.
- Dip navel of newborn calves in iodine solution.
- Treat calves with scour vaccine Reo orally at birth if viral scours a problem.
- Drench calves dehydrated by scours with prescribed solution.